Like many Greeks, Aristotle did not believe in the existence of inherently bad behaviors.
Eudemian Ethicsoften abbreviated as the EE. Magna Moraliaoften abbreviated as the MM. The exact origins of these texts is unclear, although they were already considered the works of Aristotle in ancient times. Textual oddities suggest that they may not have been put in their current form by Aristotle himself.
The authenticity of the Magna Moralia has been doubted,  whereas almost no modern scholar doubts that Aristotle wrote the Nicomachean Ethics and the Eudemian Ethics himself, even if an editor also played some part in giving us those texts in their current forms.
The Nicomachean Ethics has received the most scholarly attention, and is the most easily available to modern readers in many different translations and editions.
Some critics consider the Eudemian Ethics to be "less mature," while others, such as Kenny contend that the Eudemian Ethics is the more mature, and therefore later, work. Aristotle as a Socratic[ edit ] Some scholars regarded Aristotle as a Socratic thinker.
While Socrates left no written works, and Plato wrote dialogues and a few letters, Aristotle wrote treatises in which he sets forth philosophical doctrines directly. To be more precise, Aristotle did write dialogues, but they unfortunately survive only in fragments. Aristotle dealt with this same question but giving it two names, "the political" or Politics and "the ethical" Ethicsboth with Politics being the name for the two together as the more important part.
The original Socratic questioning on ethics started at least partly as a response to sophismwhich was a popular style of education and speech at the time.
Sophism emphasized rhetoricand argument, and therefore often involved criticism of traditional Greek religion and flirtation with moral relativism. It is sometimes referred to in comparison to later ethical theories as a "character based ethics".
Like Plato and Socrates he emphasized the importance of reason for human happiness, and that there were logical and natural reasons for humans to behave virtuously, and try to become virtuous. He explained that it was necessary not to aim at too much accuracy at the starting point of any discussion to do with controversial matters such as those concerning what is just or what is beautiful.
Nevertheless, like Plato he eventually says that all the highest forms of the moral virtues require each other, and all require intellectual virtue, and in effect that the happiest and most virtuous life is that of a philosopher.
He defines happiness in terms of this theory as an actuality energeia ; the virtues which allow happiness and enjoyment of the best and most constant pleasures are dynamic-but-stable dispositions hexeis which are developed through habituation; and this pleasure in turn is another actuality that compliments the actuality of happy living.
In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle says explicitly that one must begin with what is familiar to us, and "the that" or "the fact that" NE I. Ancient commentators agree that what Aristotle means here is that his treatise must rely upon practical, everyday knowledge of virtuous actions as the starting points of his inquiry, and that he is supposing that his readers have some kind of experience-based understanding of such actions, and that they value noble and just actions to at least some degree.
In fact, some regard his ethical inquiries as using a method that relies upon popular opinion his so-called "endoxic method" from the Grk.
Aristotle describes popular accounts about what kind of life would be a happy one by classifying them into three most common types: To reach his own conclusion about the best life, however, Aristotle tries to isolate the function of humans.Essay About Aristotle.
Essay on Aristotle. Words | 5 Pages. debated in our society is the concern of driving while intoxicated. Although this was naturally not the case during Aristotle’s time, many of his ethical beliefs can be applied to refute this dilemma.
Examining the Ethics of Plato and Aristotle; Analysis Essay: Oedipus the. A Comparative Study of Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Silverman, A., , The Dialectic of Essence.
A Study of Plato’s Metaphysics, Princeton: Princeton University Press. This essay will be examining the ethics of Plato ( BCE) and Aristotle ( BCE) to analyse, justify and compare the major concepts of the two philosophers therein.
I will argue that Aristotle’s solution to the problem of the ‘good life’ is a better answer than Plato. In this essay, we will examine Plato, Aristotle, Saint Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, and Marcus Cicero’s perceptions of what virtue ethics are, and how they facilitated the development of economic society.
Feb 02, · The virtues Aristotle lists in the Nichomachean Ethics are derived from this, as are the virtues that Plato focuses on in many of his dialogues (but most famously, the Republic).
Foremost for both were wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice, though Aristotle meant much further in . Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics; Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics. After reading through Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics I have begun to understand how certain people are bound to end up.
Learning virtues is a habit and not something that you are born with.
ESSAY SAMPLE written strictly according to your requirements. A Sample Wanted.
In both Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Politics, happiness is a state of stability and harmony that is present both within the individual and in his relations with other people. Feb 02, · The virtues Aristotle lists in the Nichomachean Ethics are derived from this, as are the virtues that Plato focuses on in many of his dialogues (but most famously, the Republic). Foremost for both were wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice, though Aristotle meant much further in . In both Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Politics, happiness is a state of stability and harmony that is present both within the individual and in his relations with other people.