Examine your prescribed text, making close references to two extracts, scenes, chapters, or authors. Respond to this question through detailed reference to your prescribed text. Write a series of three or four reflections that demonstrate how your response to [Core Text] changed and developed during the process of your critical study.
This is surprising, inasmuch as the relevant data has been compiled by a coterie of Shakespeare scholars, most notably Naseeb Shaheen in his book Biblical References in Shakespeare's Plays. Shakespeare was the beneficiary of a movement in which English Reformers poured their energies into translating the Bible.
In fact, English Bible translation in the sixteenth century galvanized a society in a manner that invites comparison with the building of cathedrals in the Catholic Middle Ages. The Protestant Reformation also created an edifice--an edifice of the Word.
That edifice transformed England into what Christopher Hill has called "a biblical culture. Renaissance historian John Strype painted this picture of the ferment caused by the appearance of the vernacular Bible in England: It was wonderful to see with what joy the book of God was received, not only among the learneder sort and all the vulgar [uneducated] and common people; with what greediness God's word was read, and what resort to places where the reading of it was.
Everybody that could bought the book and among the elderly learned to read on purpose. And even little boys flocked among the rest to hear portions of the Holy Scriptures read. A Brief "Fact Sheet" on Shakespeare's Use of the Bible The most frequently repeated figure on the books of the Bible to which Shakespeare refers is 42 books--eighteen from each of the Testaments and the remaining from the Apocrypha.
Shakespeare's writing contains more references to the Bible than the plays of any other Elizabethan playwright. A conservative tally of the total number of biblical references isa figure that I think could be doubled. Numerically the book with the most references is the book of Psalms, and usually Shakespeare refers to this book as it appears in the Anglican Prayer Book.
Other biblical books that are high in the number of references are Genesis, Matthew, and Job. The Bible story that appears most often--more than 25 times--is the story of Cain and Abel. There are so many references to the opening chapters of Genesis in Shakespeare's plays that scholars make comments to the effect that Shakespeare must have had these chapters nearly memorized.
Shakespeare's allusions are sometimes generalized, as for example to characters in the Bible, but often the parallels are linguistic and specific, requiring a specialist's knowledge. With a multiplicity of English Bibles on the scene as the sixteenth century unfolded, it naturally becomes relevant to ask which of them Shakespeare used.
As far back as 75 years ago, it became accepted that up to Shakespeare's biblical references were primarily to the Bishops' Bible, but after that to the Geneva Bible. Today it is axiomatic that during the second half of his career as a writer, a period that includes Shakespeare's great tragedies and the romances with which he concluded his career, Shakespeare primarily used the Geneva Bible in his plays and presumably in life.
In turn, the Geneva Bible is loosely known as the Puritan Bible, so our curiosity is naturally aroused. All that we know about Shakespeare's church life paints him as a mainstream Anglican. The Geneva Bible was the "mass Bible" of its day, more portable and affordable than other English translations.
But there may be more to the story than this. We know that Shakespeare was a lodger for several years in the home of the Mountjoy family on Silver Street in London. The Mountjoys were religiously fervent French Huguenots--refugees from anti-Calvinist persecutions in Frances.
The scholar who has pursued the religious aspect of "Shakespeare the lodger" to quote a recent book title most minutely is John W. Just incidentally, Shakespeare's first acquaintance with the Geneva Bible would have come as a student at the Stratford Grammar School when he translated passages from the Geneva Bible into Latin and then back into English.
Not all of Shakespeare's acquaintance with the Geneva Bible could have been oral, because he sometimes refers to the marginalia of the Geneva Bible.
In fact, in Hamlet he even alludes to a comment made in the preface to the Geneva Bible about the critical apparatus of that Bible. Late in Hamlet, when negotiations are under way for the duel that Hamlet will fight with Laertes, an affected courtier named Osric spouts off technical jargon from the world of dueling.
Hamlet's friend Horatio quips, "I knew you must be edified by the margent ere you had done. John Velz does not hesitate to claim that it "is nearly certain" that Shakespeare "bought a Huguenot Bible sometime around and read it seriously.
The most thorough inquiry of the topic is an essay by the acknowledged expert on Shakespeare and the Bible, Naseeb Shaheen. Shakespeare's contemporaries were already picturing him as an untutored genius who made everything up from his own fertile imagination.
John Milton thus pictured Shakespeare as someone who "warbled his native wood-notes wild. It could not have been otherwise: Shakespeare is one of our most "bookish" writers. As Shaheen notes, we know that Shakespeare was busy borrowing story material from books that were hot off the press.
Shaheen's most noteworthy observation is that "it would be strange if the most often printed book of the day was not part" of Shakespeare's library.Essayer d oublier une fille se ib essay writing reports? how to write a concluding paragraph for an essay zero the role of media essays hamlet act 3 essay bored of studies english essays on my school bad peer pressure essay conclusions writing research papers lester 6th how to write an essay on medical ethics argumentative essay .
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3 Full Hamlet Essay Through Shakespeare’s perspicacious genius, in Hamlet he has depicted an aspect of humanity that belongs essentially not to his age but ours. He does so by subverting the audiences’ expectations of a revenge tragedy through his characterization of Hamlet as having an over-active intellectual mind, which results in .
English Advanced: Year: Module Name: Description: Download: Critical Study of Texts - Citizen Kane - Critical Study - Mod B - Analysis & Notes 1. 19/20 Hamlet Essay. This student studied: HSC - Year 12 - English (Advanced) 19/20 essay on the question: "Hamlet’s character has been interpreted differently over the centuries.
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