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This essay presents an answer to this question. Employees in the USA are divided into two classes: Just cause employees can be dismissed from employment only for a good reason, such as poor job performance by the employee.
I have two purposes in posting this essay: This essay is intended only to present general information about an interesting topic in law and is not legal advice for your specific problem.
I list the cases in chronological order in the citations in this essay, so the reader can easily follow the historical development of a national phenomenon. If I were writing a legal brief, I would use the conventional citation order given in the Bluebook.
History of At-Will Employment According to various legal scholars, the doctrine of at-will employment first appeared as a statement in a legal treatise by Horace C. Wood cited four American cases in support of his statement about at-will employment. However, none of those four cases support Wood's statement!
Peter Shapiro and James F.
They also agree that his statement of the rule was not supported by the authority upon which he relied, and that he did not accurately depict the law as it then existed.
Apparently, Wood simply invented the concept of at-will employment, but wrongly described it as already accepted by the courts. Soon after Wood's treatise appeared, various courts began citing the rule in his treatise, and thus the rule became accepted law. New York Life Ins.
Wood, and it has been adopted in a number of states. The cases are too numerous to justify citation, but see It is clear that the doctrine of at-will employment was harmonious with the laissez-faire spirit of the times. In that way, Wood's mistaken statement was the catalyst for what may have been inevitable.
As an indication of the spirit of that era, in the first third of the Twentieth Century, the U. Supreme Court upheld individual freedom of contract and invalidated, on due process grounds, statutes that prohibited employers from terminating employment of workers because the workers were members of a union.
These two opinions of the U. Supreme Court were overruled by: Inan attorney wrote, in a scholarly article: The doctrine of employment-at-will emerged in the nineteenth century in the United States in a climate of unbridled, laissez-faire expansionism, social Darwinism, and rugged individualism.
It is often referred to as Wood's Rule, named after Horace C. Wood, who articulated the doctrine in an treatise Master and Servant. No doubt the title of the treatise says all that need be said regarding Wood's view of employment relations and, unfortunately, the view shared by most of his legal contemporaries.
However, the following reasoning seems plausible. The doctrine of mutuality of obligations then required a symmetrical right of the employer to terminate the employee at any time. However, the legal doctrine of at-will employment continues as an anachronism.
With us, the rule is inflexible that a Many of the early court opinions in the USA that accept Wood's rule also seem to emphasize that American law differs from English law.Ivy League Admission: Successful Business School (MBA) Essays Nancy L.
First Edition Magnificent Milestones, Inc., Florida. Three C S Of Business Ethics Essay Introduction The essay in hand describes, explains and discusses an ethical problem which the company Google has to face due to its expansion in China. It is explicitly focused on the period from January 12th to March 19th, 3 c's of business ethics most popular recipes, pasta, corn chowder, irish cream, main dish, turkey soup, cut-out cookies, lobster, quick bread, chocolate, cheese.
Since , the Hugo Awards have been one of science fiction’s most prestigious honours – past winners include Isaac Asimov, Arthur C Clark and Ursula Le Guin. The results were recently. 3 The Growing Importance of Business Ethics. As mentioned earlier, issues of business ethics have a long history, and are thoroughly referred to in civilian and religious writings.
The Importance of Ethics in Business Essay Words 6 Pages Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the principles correlated to human behavior concerning the rightness and wrongness of specific conduct, and to the good and bad that influences and ends those actions (iridis-photo-restoration.com, ).