The introduction in this lesson is for an opinion essay however the general content of the introduction is the same for all types of essays in IELTS. This lesson will teach you:
Early life of L.
Ron Hubbard and Military career of L. Ron Hubbard and Thomas S. Moulton in Portland, Oregon in L. Hubbard spent three semesters at George Washington University but was placed on probation in September He failed to return for the fall semester.
On May 18,his subchaser left Portland. That night, Hubbard ordered his crew to fire 35 depth charges and a number of gun rounds at what he believed were Japanese submarines. Having run out of depth charges and with the presence of a submarine still unconfirmed by other ships, Hubbard's ship was ordered back to port.
A navy report concluded that "there was no submarine in the area. Hubbard apparently did not realize that the islands belonged to US-allied Mexiconor that he had taken his vessel into Mexican territorial waters. Reporting stomach pains in Aprilhe spent the remainder of the war as a patient in Oak Knoll Naval Hospital in Oakland, California.
Excalibur and Babalon Working Main article: Scientology and the occult In AprilHubbard reportedly reacted to a drug used in a dental procedure. According to his account, this triggered a revelatory near-death experience.
Allegedly inspired by this experience, Hubbard composed a manuscript, which was never published, with the working titles of "The One Command" or Excalibur. Burkswho read the work inlater recalled it discussed the "one command": This theme would be revisited in Dianetics, the set of ideas and practices regarding the metaphysical relationship between the mind and body which became the central philosophy of Scientology.
Dianetics was organized and centralized to consolidate power under Hubbard, and groups that were previously recruited were no longer permitted to organize autonomously.
Winter, hoping to have Dianetics accepted in the medical community, submitted papers outlining the principles and methodology of Dianetic therapy to the Journal of the American Medical Association and the American Journal of Psychiatry inbut these were rejected.
Studies that address the topic of the origins of the work and its significance to Scientology as a whole include Peter Rowley's New Gods in America, Omar V. Berger's Towards a Science of the Nuclear Mind: Science-fiction Origins of Dianetics. Morris Fishbeinthe editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association and well-known at the time as a debunker of quack medicinedismissed Hubbard's book.
Sociologists Roy Wallis and Steve Bruce suggest that Dianetics, which set each person as his or her own authority, was about to fail due to its inherent individualism, and that Hubbard started Scientology as a religion to establish himself as the overarching authority.
Hubbard lived there for the next seven years. The purpose of Dianetics is the improvement of the individual, the individual or "self" being only one of eight "dynamics. Urban, Hubbard's early science of Dianetics would be best comprehended as a "bricolage that brought together his various explorations in psychology, hypnosis, and science fiction.
According to Roy Wallis, "Scientology emerged as a religious commodity eminently suited to the contemporary market of postwar America.Five Things You Need to Know about Writing Articles. In Cambridge First or Cambridge Advanced, you might be asked to write an iridis-photo-restoration.com do you know what makes an article different from other types of writing?
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🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. Joanne Rowling, CH, OBE, FRSL, FRCPE (/ ˈ r oʊ l ɪ ŋ / "rolling"; born 31 July ), writing under the pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith, is a British novelist, philanthropist, film producer, television producer and screenwriter, best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series.
The books have won multiple awards, and sold more than million copies, becoming the best.